The historic space mission to Mars of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) has begun. The satellite has been released from Japan for this mission.
The satellite, called Hope, has been sent from the Tanegashima Space Center via a rocket called H2-A, and now it will study the weather and climate of Mars by covering a distance of 500 million kilometers.
This campaign had to be postponed twice due to bad weather.
Hope satellite is likely to reach Mars by February 2021, this date is also important because at that time it is also the 50th anniversary of the formation of the United Arab Emirates.
This UAE space mission is one of the missions to Mars starting this month.
America and China are also going to start their new mission to Mars.
Why is UAE going to Mars?
The UAE has very little experience in the production and designing of spacecraft.
But despite this, the UAE is trying to do what so far only the United States, Russia, Europe, and India have managed to do.
But it tells the ambition of the people of UAE that they are ready for this challenge.
Under the supervision of American experts, UAE engineers have prepared a sophisticated satellite after six years of hard work.
And when it reaches Mars, it is expected that it will reveal new information about science, the latest information about the atmosphere of Mars.
In particular, scientists think that the ‘Hope’ mission may reveal what happened on Mars that both air and water were destroyed on it.
The ‘Hope’ mission is being seen as a great source of inspiration in the Arab world.
It is expected that this will increase the interest of the youth of the United Arab Emirates and the children of the Arab world towards science.
The UAE government wants to shift the dependence of the country’s economy from oil and gas to a knowledge-based economy in the future.
But as usual, when it comes to Mars, its risk is also very high. Half of all the missions sent to the Red Planet have failed.
Omran Sharaf, the project director of the ‘Hope’ mission is aware of its dangers, but he insists that his country is trying to move in the right direction.
He told BBC News, “This is a research and development mission and yes, it can also be a failure. However, failing to progress as a nation is not an option the UAE is going to achieve with this mission and The knowledge that will come in this country is what matters most. “
The United Arab Emirates does not want to do what it has already achieved by reaching other countries on Mars.
For this, he went to the US space agency NASA. NASA has formed an advisory committee ‘Marks Exploration Program Analysis Group’ (MEPAG) for the Mars mission.
He asked what should the UAE research so that the existing available information can be enhanced. The goal of Mission Hope was set based on the recommendations of MEPAG.
In a row, the United Arab Emirates satellite will study how energy moves in the atmosphere. From top to bottom, throughout the day and in all seasons of the year. This satellite will also study dust spreading on Mars. Due to this dust, the temperature of Mars is affected.
This satellite will also study the behavior of neutral atoms of hydrogen and oxygen present in the atmosphere of Mars. Energy particles from the Sun reach Mars and cause erosion. There are fears that neutral atoms of hydrogen and oxygen play an active role in this process.
There has been such scientific belief that there was water on Mars in the past. What happened to that water after all? This subject will also remain under the scope of the study of Hope Mission.
The Hope satellite will keep its position equatorial for the study of Mars. Its distance from the planet will be between 22 thousand and 44 thousand kilometers.
David Brain, leader of the LASP’s science team working on the Hope project, says, “Every piece of red planet’s land is visible at all times of the day, this desire has made Hope’s orbit larger and oval. Because of this decision Hope will be able to see from above Olympus Mons (the largest volcano in the solar system). “