The huge tectonic plate beneath the Indian Ocean is going to break. According to research, the tectonic plate between India and Australia will automatically split into two parts in the coming time.
The impact of the breaking of this plate will be seen in humans after a long time. It is also known as the India-Australia-Capricorn tectonic plate.
The researchers said in the report that this tectonic plate is breaking very slowly. Its breakdown speed is 0.06 i.e. 1.7 millimeters per year. According to this, two parts of the plate will be moved up to a distance of about 1 mile or 1.7 km in 10 million years.
In a report published in Live Science, assistant researcher Orelli Courier said that this plate is falling apart so slowly that it will not be detected in the beginning. Although its speed is low, still this incident is quite important. There is a very big change in the structure of the earth due to the slipping or breaking of the plates.
For example, the Dead Sea Fault of the Middle East is diverging at a speed of 0.2 inches (0.4 cm) per year. Whereas in California, the San Andreas Fault is slipping 10 times faster ie 0.7 (1.8) per year.
The plate is breaking very slowly in the Indian Ocean and its depth in water is very high. Researchers were unable to understand the phenomenon of underwater in the beginning. However, when the origin of two strong earthquakes came out of the Indian Ocean, the researchers realized that there was some movement underwater.
The earthquakes struck Indonesia in the Indian Ocean on April 11, 2012, with a magnitude of 8.6 and 8.2. These earthquakes were unusual because they did not enter the usual subduction zone where tectonic plates move but came from exactly the middle of the tectonic plate.
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Orly told Live Science that this incident is like a puzzle where there is not only one plate but three plates are moving in the same direction by joining together. The team is now focusing on the special fracture zone called the Worton Basin where these earthquakes occurred.
Two types of datasets 2015 and 2016 by scientists reveal the topography of this zone. It was only after seeing this dataset to Aureli and his team that the tectonic plate under the Indian Ocean is breaking.